Microscopic dentistry means performing dental procedures including diagnosis and treatment with the help of dental operating microscope (magnification). Dental microscope is a device which allows dentist to visualize even the smallest details due to magnification and improved light source. Microscope provides us with better light and vision. The patient has many benefits of microscope such as: 1) Diagnosis: By magnifying vision around 25 times it helps in both diagnosis and treatment. Even smallest decay or micro crack which is not visible to naked eye can be easily spotted with the use of dental operating microscope. Early and precise diagnosis in such cases prevents wrong treatment. 2) Improved standard of root canal treatment: With the use of magnification dental procedures can be performed more precisely with better results. Use of microscope also decreases the chances of errors. Root canal procedure takes place in a very small area of tooth. Before the introduction of microscope